Chapter 18

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  • Prison Reform Movement 
  • Oh my gosh this is horrible i have to do something
  • Help!
  • I only stole a wallet because I didn't have any food
  • Hi everyone, my name is Dorothea Dix. I am here to teach!
  • I am really scared to go check out these next jails 
  • One day in 1841, Dorothea Dix witnessed what they actually do to prisoners in jail. That changed her life forever. Dix was horrified to see that many prisoners were bound in chains and locked in cages.Children accused of minor thefts were jailed with adult criminals.
  • 
  • All rise! Please state your thoughts.
  • That same day she was actually there to teach but... when she was walking saw the prisoners getting beaten she wanted to do something about it. 
  • 
  • Ok, I have made my decision, we will upgrade the prisons!
  • Dorothea Dix asked her self if conditions this bad everywhere? She devoted herself to finding out the answer to her question. She visited hundreds of jails and prisons throughout Massachusetts. She also visited debtors' prisons, or jails for people who owed money. While they were locked up, they could not earn money to repay their debts. As a result, they remained imprisoned for years.
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  •  For two years, Dix gathered information about the horrors she had seen. Then she prepared a detailed report for the Massachusetts state legislature. She said that they were chained, naked, beaten with rods, and lashed into obedience!” Shocked by Dix's report, the lawmakers voted to create public asylums for the mentally ill.
  • Judge, I do not believe that we are abusing our crinimals
  • I saw a lot of abuse and i want to give the prisons berter conditions
  • Dix had won! Now, there are Mental hospitals mainly everywhere! The prisons treated prisoners better too!
  • Yes!
  • Nooooo!
  • Thank You, very much!
  • Dix continued campaigning for prison reform for the rest of her life. By the time she died in 1887, state governments no longer put debtors in prison. Most states had created special justice systems for children in trouble. Many had outlawed cruel punishments, such as branding people with hot irons. Dix had shown that reformers could lead society to make significant changes.
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