The Congress began to push for independence and a new nation. Their support came from Thomas Paine’s pamphlet, “Common Sense”, and Henry Lee’s proclamation, “The Virginia Resolution”.
Battle of Saratoga
Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence, which stated their reasons for separation and mentioned all Britain’s wrongdoings. The war changed from a fight for fair treatment, to a fight for a new nation.
The British came to attack New York, but were met by Washington’s troops; however the Colonists were highly outnumbered and fled to Trenton, New Jersey.
The Colonists attacked and captured Fort Saratoga and Ticonderoga. This was a major turning point in the war and destroyed the British hopes of and easy victory.
The Colonists gained the help of France, the Netherlands, and Spain. They were sent supplies, arms, and money and a French general even helped train Washington’s troops.
Valley Forge was a camp for the colonists’ armies with horrible conditions. The men lacked the needed skill, but the Continental Army was strengthened here giving them a fore-front in the war.