The representatives in Maryland for the Virginia Legislature discussed James Madison's suggestion about forming a government that has branches of government that are kept separate.
We should form branches of government
55 men showed up in Philadelphia to discuss revisions to the Articles. The men were relatively young, well-educated, politically experienced, and enlightenment thinkers.
I suggest the Virginia Plan
George Washington and James Madison want to make their ideas known and hold a meeting between the colonists to talk about this at the Virginia Legislature
Alternative options to the Virginia plan: the New Jersey Plan (Republicanism) which gave more power to the states and the Hamilton Plan (Federalism) which gave power to the national republic.
The New Jersey Plan
The Hamilton Plan
The discussion is extended when the elected delegates go to Philadelphia on May 1787 for the Grand Convention to improve the Articles of Confederation.
Oliver Ellsworth suggested the Connecticut Compromise which allowed an idea of a union by creating the House and Senate to represent the the people and state separately.
That is crazy we need to discuss this more
The fifteen-point Virginia Plan was presented to the delegates at the end of May to “revise the Articles of Confederation.”
On September 17, 1787, the Constitution was presented and read aloud, delegates heard Benjamin Franklin’s “Rising Sun”speech, they signed the Constitution, and dined together. The Constitution was sent out to each state once it was completed.
The development of opposing opinions at the Convention led delegates to a stalemate where they agreed on a compromise.
We will need a compromise
The compromise was accepted and addressed the division of powers between central and state governments. The separation of powers are between the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch.
How about the Connecticut Compromise...
The states held ratifying conventions to vote to accept or reject the U.S. Constitution. They rejected it due to the fact they did not have a Bill of Rights. The Constitution was then ratified with a Bill of Rights by all 13 states in 1791.
Don't forget to sign your John Hancock for the Bill of Rights as well