Cotton,Pepper, cloves, cardamom and cinnamon and Silk produced in India had a big market in europe,because of this any european countries targeted INDIA but The British won and became the champion of struggle of monotony of trade
From Trade to Territory 1600
Our new target: INDIA
Trade rights in Bengal
In 1651, the first English factory was set up on the banks of river Hugli and first english factory was opened up at Surat in 1608.
Main reason for defeat of the Nawab was that the forces led by Mir Jafar, one of Siraj Ud Daulah's commanders, betrayed siraj ud daula and never fought the battle.
The Battle of Plassey
Subsidiary alliance was introduced by Lord Wellesley, British Governor-General in India. from 1798 to 1805.
The company forced the states into a ‘subsidiary alliance’.In the case of non payment to army the nawab or the king had to give some part of its territory.
Doctrine of Lapse
Under the reign of Lord Dalhousie (1848-56), they adopted the policy of Lapse.According to this policy, the rulers who does not have any legal heir could not pass on their property to the adopted son and it would be taken over by British.
Satara (1848), Sambalpur (1850), Jhansi (1854) were annexed by this policy.
Administration under British
In 1773, Warren Hastings become the Governor General of Bengal and controlled the governors of other presidencies of Madras and Bombay.Separate civil and criminal courts were set up under the supervision of collector.
New set of laws were compiled by muftis and Brahmins for the religious interpretation