On the rice, tobacco and cotton plantations, the gang system was used, so they had to work for a full work day.
Throughout the South, the different regions grew different crops based on the land.
In the rice regions, the task system was common for slaves, meaning that they completed one job and were free for the rest of the day.
Rice was mainly grown in southern regions of the coastal South, such as South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. It was more stable than tobacco, but required substantial irrigation and a very long growing season.
Tobacco was grown in states such as Virginia, Maryland, and North Carolina. The tobacco prices commonly changed, and the tobacco exhausted the land, so tobacco cultivation shifted westward.
Sugar was grown on the Gulf Coast, mainly southern Louisiana and eastern Texas. It provided profit, but required intense labor and a long growing season. Only wealthy planters could afford it, and there was major competition from the Caribbean.
Long-Staple Cotton was another lucrative crop, but could only grow in a certain area. It was primarily grown on coastal regions of the Southeast.
Short-Staple cotton was hardier and coarser than long-staple, and could grow in a variety of climates and soils, but it was harder to process as the seeds were difficult to remove from the fiber. However, with the Cotton Gin, the short-staple cotton saved Southern agriculture.