Manolin is offering food to the Santiago because he loves him and the old man needs his strength. The old man is very poor so the boy is giving him food. The old man is going to go out to try to catch a fish even thought he had not catch a thing for 84 days.
The old man is dreaming of the lions while sleeping to get ready for the fishing trip. He saw the lions years ago on the beaches of Africa. He loved to watch them because the lions cubs would play fight.
The old man is out at sea and has his lines out and is ready for a fish. He then felt the line start to tuck and starts talking to the fish. He is talking to himself because he is all alone.
After being dragged by the fish he finally sees the fish. He starts talking to it and is telling himself it can't be that big because the fish is bigger then his boat.
This is the climax of the story. He kills the fish with his harpoon and starts working to lash it alongside the boat. He feels both sad and proud. He feels sad because he had to kill this beautiful fish but he also felt proud to kill the biggest fish he has ever seen.
This is the falling action of the story. A Mako shark is trying to eat the fish that he caught. The old man kills the shark but loses his harpoon and the fish was mutilated. The blood from the fish is going to attract other sharks.