Missouri Compromise 1820

Missouri Compromise 1820

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  • Under the Missouri Compromise of `1820,Maine was added as a free sate that land was part of Massachusetts.This satisfies those who opposed to the expansion of slavery as well as the "slave power"in Congress.
  • Maine
  • Addition Of States
  • Massachusetts
  • A major provision of the Missouri Compromise was the slavery was no to exist above 36 degree and 30"N.The north region was satisfied since the slavery could not expand past the 36 degree 30'N line drawn across the Lousiana Purchase.
  • 36 degree 30'N Line
  • 36 degree 30'N
  • For the northern free states,New York Senator James Tallmadge proposed an amendment banning slavery in the Louisiana territory,In addition,Senator Rufus King also argued Congress had the power to determine whether or not a new state could have slavery.
  • For the southern slaveholding states,Missouri is added to the Union as a slave state.Although it exists above the dividing line,the addition of Missouri as a slave state provides balance to the Union in terms of free and slave states,and representation in Congress
  • To satisfy the South,it was agreed that slavery could expand and exist below the dividing line drawn across the Louisiana Purchase.This ensured some expansion of slavery for the South,including future states such as Texas and Arkansas.
  • For the southern slave advocates,Maryland Senator William Pinkney held the belief states should be able to decide the nature of whether or not they are slave or free.Ultimately Senator Henry Clay will devise the Missouri Compromise,ending the debate.
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