Rome & Carthage; trade & war
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Rome controlled what was bought and sold in Italy.
This buying and selling is called trade.
Rome were trade partners with Greece and North Africa(Carthage).
But Rome also had trading rivals, which were foreigners who traded in Italy.
Map of Europe and North Africa(before the Punic Wars)
As Carthage became more and more powerful, it became Rome's rival. Soon, the rivalry turned into a series of wars called the Punic Wars.
During the war, a general called Hannibal Barca led the Carthaginian troops through the Alps and captured some Roman cities.
As the Carthage army approached the capital of Rome, Hannibal received terrible news: Rome had invaded Carthage and Hannibal was forced to leave Italy.
Roman Province of Africa(formerly Carthage)
Map of Europe and North Africa(146 BC)
In 146 BC, during the Third Punic War, the Romans destroyed Carthage and built a new Roman province nearby called the Roman Province of Africa, ending the Punic Wars altogether.
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