During James the First's reign, Catholics were fined just for their religion. Their Priests were executed for treason. In 1605, Robert Catesby, wanted to take action, so he made a group of willing Catholics and made them swear an oath of secrecy, that they would never reveal any information about their plot
36 barrels of Gunpowder were transported to a storeroom under the House of Lords, where Guy Fawkes would look after them.
I think, Lord Montegual, that someone is going to try and blow up parliament, on November 5th!
Meanwhile, 12 days before the plot was set to happen...
The guards were told not to act until the evening on the 4th of November, when the rest of Catesby's group was in the Midlands. They struck at midnight.
Fawkes was tortured for all his information at the Tower of London
I will NEVER break my oath!
You will once you've been on the stretching rack, or been locked in Little ease!
In the Midlands Catesby had been shot dead by single musket after they were smoked out of Holbeach house and decided to go down fighting.
Digby, Rockwood and Treshan, (3 members of Catesby's group), were all locked away, and were sentenced to death for high treason
Guy Fawkes and the other traitors were to be hung, beheaded and quartered, in public. This was the punishment for High treason, and what they suffered for trying to blow up parliament, a feat that is remembered to this day.