I should by her a pink hat so that people will stop assuming that she's a boy.
“Scout, I’m tellin’ you for the last time, shut your trap or go home – I declare to the Lord you’re gettin’ more like a girl everyday!” (Chapter 6, p.53)
He has a good education. He is a lawyer. He is the source of income for his family.
She has no education. She is the caregiver.
Gender is socially and culturally created differences between males and females. Much of our thinking is based on what we are led to believe about what it means to be male or female. Society creates these ideas, and they are known as gender roles. For example, baby girls will wear pink, and boys will wear blue. Sex is defined as biological and anatomical differences between males and females. Differences include primary characteristics and secondary characteristics.(Whittington-Walsh, Fiona)
Men are smarter... Men work harder... Women should stay at home and raise their family.
I want equal pay, because I work just as hard...
'To Kill a Mockingbird' Example
Gender inequality arises when genders are treated unequally. Patriarchy and sexism are main contributors to gender inequalities. Patriarchy is defined as a society where there is male domination of women and children. Sexism is believing one gender is superior to the other,as well as thinking and acting based on gender stereotypes. (Whittington-Walsh, Fiona) In this example, Jem tells Scout to go home because she's 'acting like a girl' .. Scout is excluded because she's a girl. (p. 53)
"It won’t be many years, Jean Louis, before you become interested in clothes and boys-" p.129
The Structural-Functionalist perspective was influenced by Talcott Parsons. A gendered division of labour was created. Females were expected to be caregivers, and males were expected to take the instrumental leadership role in the family. Men had more dominance over women. The belief was that it was the “natural order of the universe” (Whitington-Walsh, Fiona)
'To Kill a Mockingbird' Example
"Miss Maudie can’t serve on a jury because she’s a woman" (Chapter 23, p.225)
The Marxist-Feminist views emerged when there was a change in relationship power between the sexes that arose with class-based societies. After capitalism began, problems with gender inequality became worse. Emphasis was put on monogamous families and less on communities. Inheritance to men became an important aspect. Women were treated as private property to men. All work that women performed became devalued. (Whittington-Walsh, Fiona)
Scout ponders.. "I could have made several answers about this: Cal’s a girl, it would be many years before I would be interested in boys, I would never be interested in clothes..but I kept quiet.” (Chapter 23, p.129) This an example of gender roles. Aunt Alexandra shows that she disapproves of Scout’s lifestyle. She assumes that Scout will grow out of her tomboy phase and be more feminine in a couple years, but Scout disagrees.
Jem asks Atticus to explain why people like them or Miss Maudie have don’t sit in on Juries. “I was wondering when that’d occur to you,” [Atticus responded]. “There are lots of reasons. For one thing, Miss Maudie can’t serve on a jury because she’s a woman” (Chapter 23, p. 225)This is an example of gender inequality because in Maycomb, men are given the opportunity to serve on a jury, and women are not allowed the same privilege.