Learning reinforced by Social Situations & Culture
Born into the world
Source: Sociology PowerPoint Slides
Learn from interactions with adults, teachers, peers
Socialization is the process of learning societal norms and expectations through forming relationships with those around us; it starts at a very young age.
Primary Socialization in 'To Kill a Mockingbird'
There are several agents of socialization, such as parents, teachers, and friends. They teach us valuable skills about how to be socialized, and help us to gain a better understanding of ourselves, as well as others.
Primary socialization occurs during early childhood. Children observe their parents, siblings, or those who act as authority figures. They adopt family values or ideas, through interacting with those around them.
Secondary Socialization in 'To Kill a Mockingbird'
Scouts mother died when she was little. She didn't have a mother; however, Calpurna was like a mother to Scout in many ways. Scout is sent into the kitchen after making a rude remark about Walter at the dinner table. Calpurna scolds Scout for having bad manners. (p. 24-25)
Secondary socialization occurs when a person starts interacting with people outside of their home or immediate family. In this stage of socialization, we learn specific social skills, such as how to follow cultural or behavioral norms. Dill, Jem, and Scout spend time together during the summer, this is an example of secondary socialization.
Scout is attending school for the first time, and she is learning skills about how to behave appropriately. Scout starts a fight with Walter, because she feels that he ruined her first day of school. Jem interferes. He tells scout to stop fighting Walter. (p. 22-23)