Noteworthy, is the fact that not many studies have been carried out in the Caribbean on borderline personality disorder, and therefore, most of the available statistics and findings on the disorder are based on international statistics. So do bear that in mind as the information is presented to you.
Good day to you my wonderful audience. I must say you have been very attentive and show great interest in learning about borderline personality disorder. I am Kisone, as my colleague mentioned and I will share some information about the risk factors of borderline personality disorder.
Is borderline personality disorder prevalent among the population?
It will be remiss of me to ignore a major consensus in research regarding the prevalence of borderline personality disorder in the population of women.
Women account for approximately seventy-five (75) percent of persons suffering from the disorder (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). According to Ntshingila, Poggenpoel, Myburgh and Temane (2016) Erikson proposed in his theory of development, that individuals go through a phase called intimacy versus isolation, where Ntshingila and colleagues explain that individuals could experience heightened psychological conflict.
Is there a gender bias in relation to Borderline Personality Disorder?
Mental illness risks are generally categorized in broad categories and therefore borderline personality disorder is no different. Other risk factors include psychosocial, environmental and neurobiological factors (Schwarze et. al., 2013) as well as preexisting mental deficiencies such as depression and bipolar disorder
Schwarze et. al. purport that twin studies reveal heredity accounts for about thirty (30) to forty (40) percent of patients with borderline personality disorder or borderline personality traits. Moreover, Lobbestael et al. (2010, as cited by Schwarze et. al., 2013, p. 1279) “the majority of borderline patients report various types of adverse childhood experiences, such as sexual abuse, physical maltreatment and emotional neglect.”
Sir, I heard about twin studies being conducted for psychological research. Is there any information about borderline personality disorder which has been gathered from twin studies?
Borderline personality disorder can be referred to as being negatively correlated with age, for, as an individual grows older, the less likely it is for him/her to develop or experience borderline personality disorder (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
As propounded by Schwarze, Mobascher, Pallasch, Hoppe, Kurz, Hellhammer and Lieb (2013), about one (1) to six (6) percent of the general population is affected by borderline personality disorder, however, ten (10) to twenty-five (25) percent of psychiatric patients are said to suffer with the disorder.
Oh No! It’s a young people disease. 😳
Consequently, it can be suggested that loss of a loved one through divorce, for example, is a likely trigger for borderline personality disorder, as well as general instability in life including employment.
The authors purport that fundamental in this stage is the ability for an individual to be able to develop and maintain emotional attachments and work. However, when this is not the case, individuals and more so women “may become self-absorbed and self-indulgent” and therefore claim that “women diagnosed with borderline personality disorder have affective, behavioural, interpersonal, self and cognitive dysregulation” (Ntshingila et. al., 2016, p. 111).
Ok, so to clarify this you’re saying that traumatic events involving loss may trigger this disease. What about biological factors such as genetics?
Yes sir. you have been very attentive, like many of your schoolmates. My colleague will give us a bit more detail about the treatment of borderline personality disorder. One key point to note is that treatment is directly influenced by the constellation of symptoms presented by the patient.
That’s a very comprehensive list of risk factors. How then is BPD treated when it’s caused by so many factors?