The first battle of the Civil War took place at Fort Sumter, a Union base located on an island off the coast of South Carolina, where the Union was forced to surrender the fort.
The Secession of Virgina played an important role in the Civil War because it guaranteed the loyalty of Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson to the south.
ASSASINATION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN
Beginning early on the morning of September 17, 1862, Confederate and Union troops in the Civil War clash near Maryland’s Antietam Creek in the bloodiest single day in American military history.
END OF THE WAR
President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, while attending the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C being shot in the head as he watched the play.
On April 9, 1865, General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Confederate troops to the Union's Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, marking the beginning of the end of the grinding four-year-long American Civil War.