Implications: * 1/8 of children born are delivered premature. * 25% of premature babies born have health problems and an increased risk for health problems. * 40,000 premature babies born each year. *Babies very fragile, most likely to have respiratory problems.
First 3 months are critical (cells are rapidly dividing) > specialized cells for different functions > said cells move to permanent locations
*Need experiences to build the brain (becomes the foundation-first 3 years); Brain will grow (plasticity) * Lower Brain- brain stem and mid-brain (heart rate, breathing,vision, auditory, sleep, appetite) READY AT BIRTH *Limbic System- nurturing experiences, regulate emotions, (impulses, fight or flight, anger, adrenaline) NOT READY
Cortex (thinking brain, sensory, stimulating) > as it develops it will start to control some of the lower brain impulses takes years and years to build
* allows child to trust, love, and form relationships * babies that don't form bonds will not be able to when they age * bond is the beginning of the child' consciousness * fundamental for development of a healthy child * lack of attachment is correlated to crime/violence
Critical early months/years (neurological development) > production of oxytocin: chemical linking to bonding/trust > formed by touch, talking, actions, sounds
Affects Fetal Development: Teratogens- malformed the fetus, damage cells that alter D.N.A., damage cells when they divide. Nutrition- leads to lifelong problems in a cellular level, leads to irreversible damage. Stress- chronic stress + cortisol impacts cognitive functioning, child at risk for for depression and other problems.
Affects: Neurons-born with 100-200 billion (triggered by the 5 senses) An electrical and chemical bond forms a connection (the more triggered the bond the stronger) Axons/ Dendrites- transmission lines for signals and bonds Functions: logic, reason, planning, impulse control, self- control
Parental Influence: *Neglective, Abusive, Scary, Hostile, Withdrawn, Passive Children Behavior: *irrational, all alone, no emotions, afraid, give up, off in their own world, avoid real relationships, ADD, aggressive, extreme emotions, explosive, fearful, angry/depressive, untrusting