Through the union victory in the Civil War gave some 4 million slaves their freedom. The 13th Amendment, officially abolished slavery, but the question of freed blacks still remained in the south. This is important to us today because this amendment ended slavery. This shaped the world of no black person should be treated in hard labor like this. A black person could be in power today.
African-Americans in WWII, 1941
sign up here to fight in WWII
Southern State legislatures began enacting the first segregation laws, known as the - Jim Crow laws. By 1885, most southern states has laws requiring separate schools for blacks and white, and by 1990, -persons of color were required to e separated from whites in railroad cars and depots, hotels, theaters, restaurants, barber shops and other establishments. This is important in history to understand segregation in southern states. This is important today because some of these southern states still holds racist mindsets towards blacks
Jackie Robinson, 1947
Give up your seat.
Garvey appealed to the racial pride of African Americans. In 1923, the U.S. government successfully prosecuted and convicted Garvey for mail frauds in connection with selling stock in his Black Star Line shipping company. After serving a 2-year jail sentence Garvey was immediately deported. This is important in history because this was a start of blacks coming together to make there own alliance. This is important now because it shows me how even though he wasn't a slave he was still proven a criminal.
Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955
During WWII many blacks were willing to fight for the "four freedoms"- freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want and freedom from fear. More than 3 million blacks would register. Enlisted blacks and whites were organized into separate units. In July 1948, President Harry S. Truman integrated U.S. Armed Forces under an executive order. This is important in history because white and blacks fighting together for whats right. It shaped me today because I am able to obtain there "four freedoms"
Jackie Robinson's play caught the eye of Branch Rickey, general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers. Robinson earned rookie of the year his first season. Members of St. Louis Cardinals threatened to strike if he played. As his fame grew, Robinson began speaking out publicly for black equality. This is important in history because this started baseball to be steadily integrated. This shaped me today because all my sports teams are integrated.
Rosa Parks refused when the driver told her to give up her seat to a white man. A young pastor named Martin Luther King Jr-spearheaded a boycott of the city's bus company because blacks made up some 70 percent of the bus company's riders. It's impact was immediate. U.S. Supreme Court upheld a lower's court decision declaring the bus company's segregation seating policy. This is important in history for desegregated buses. And this shaped me because Rosa parks and MLK as a strong stand up role model for what's right.