Or in other words, rain is where the water cycle starts.
This is when the sun heats up water to the point to where it forms into a gas
Next step evaporation
After that is Condensation
Condensation is the left over residue or water droplets after evaporation. For example, the water droplets left on a window, or the leftover dew in the grass.
This is where water vapor is discharged from the roots of a plant and released into the air
Next up transpiration
After that is sublimation
This is the process in which a solid converts directly into a gas without going through the liquid phase. An example would be ice, while ice usually melts and becomes a liquid it can sometimes convert directly into a gas
Deposition is where a gas turns directly to a solid without passing through the liquid phase. An example of this would be sub-freezing air.