Gender Inequality

Gender Inequality
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  • Gender Inequality
  • A prime example of gender inequality in Canada is the gender wage gap. In Canada women make 72 cents to the male dollar.
  • Sex And Gender
  • Gender identification, often influenced by gender ideologies, is chosen by an individual and can be one, both or no gender.
  • Gender Ideologies and Gender Stereotypes
  • In western society, advertising companies, celebrities, and social media easily promote an unattainable idea of perfectionism which lowers self-esteem and in turn, benefits them. These practices often exclude important qualities like independence replace them with superficial ones, such as the need to be sexy.
  • Gender inequality is socially created. It is an ideology based on fixed gender roles. These roles are how women belong in the kitchen and how men belong at work providing for the family. In Canada, we live in a patriarchy society which means that men dominate both women and children. Men are often thought of to be superior to women. Men are often thought of to be able to tackle tasks better and more efficient, whereas women are thought to not do it well enough.
  • Gender Inequality in To Kill A Mockingbird
  • "Atticus [...] why don’t people [...] Miss Maudie ever sit on juries? You never see anybody from Maycomb on a jury—they all come from out in the woods.”
  • In chapter 23, Atticus tells Jem and Scout that Miss Maudie cannot serve in the jury because she is a women and as a women, Miss Maudie is too fragile and would ask to many questions.
  • “There are lots of reasons. For one thing, Miss Maudie can’t serve on a jury because she’s a woman —”
  • To fully comprehend gender inequality one must first differentiate between sex and gender. Sex and gender are two word that are often used interchangeably, however they are actually very different. Sex is based on biological and anatomical differences. It is divided into primary sex characteristics, which are given at birth and secondary characteristics, which develop during puberty. Gender is culturally and socially created differences and changes over time.
  • Functionalist Perspective on Gender Inequality
  • Ideologies are the beliefs and values that support and justify the ruling class while stereotypes are generalizations about a certain category of people. Gender ideologies are founded on gender stereotypes which are socially constructed and historically changeable. Both gender ideologies and stereotypes are created by those in position of power and spread malicious ideals of what is considered "normal" for an individual to be.
  • Marxist Feminist Theory on Gender Inequality
  • Even Atticus, a well educated man, believed the gender stereotypes against women were that they need to be protected and could not be trusted with important decisions. During this time, gender inequality was very prevalent in the town of Maycomb. Women were seen as too weak and too fragile to be in the workforce and were expected to tend to domestic affairs such as cooking, cleaning the home, having tea and socializing.
  • “You mean women in Alabama can’t—?”
  • "I guess it’s to protect our frail ladies from sordid cases like Tom’s [...] I doubt if we’d ever get a complete case tried—the ladies’d be interrupting to ask questions.”
  • The functionalist perspective was largely developed by Talcott Parsons’ model of a nuclear family. It applies a gendered division of labor where the father of the family lives a public life and plays an instrumental leadership role; he works to provide for the family. While the mother lives a private life and plays an expressive role. Women were expected to perform this role because of the biological factor of being able to give birth, so naturally they would care for their children.
  • A nuclear family is defined as “ a family unit that includes two married parents of opposite genders and their biological or adopted children (usually two or three) living in the same residence.”
  • The Marxist-Feminist theory suggest that gender inequality does not biologically exist. It came with the emergence of a class based society and the rise of capitalism. Men began acquiring private property which resulted in the establishment of dominance in the household as well as in society. This lead to the emergence of inheritance. In order to ensure that the inheritance was going to the right children, men controlled women's sexuality through chastity belts.
  • Marxist-Feminist argue that capitalism is the main cause of women's oppression. The domestic work done by women was not of any value in a capitalist society which lead to the degradation of women.
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