Sociology -- Gender Inequality

Sociology -- Gender Inequality

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  • Gender
  • Structural Functionalist Perspective 
  • Marxist Feminist Perspective
  • Gender refers to culturally and socially created differences between females and males. These differences are fuelled by beliefs and practices associated with masculinity and femininity. Gender relations vary throughout history. We learn our gender, it’s not imprinted on us. It basically defines what females and males should do and how we should behave.
  • To Kill A Mockingbird: One 
  • Main Character: Scout Finch A.K.A Jean Louise Supporting Characters: Uncle Jack, Jem (Scout’s Brother), Francis (Scout’s cousin)
  • This perspective is based on the belief that gender roles are fixed and are a part of our biology. The gender roles present are in the form of a nuclear family. Where the mom stays home to take care of the children and the father goes out and brings home a wage to provide for the family. This all came to be during the industrial revolution. The men live in the public realm and the women are stuck in the private realm.
  • To Kill A Mockingbird: Two
  • Written in 1960 by Harper Lee. Set in Maycomb, Alabama during the Great Depression. 
  • This perspective believes that gender inequality arose from a power change in relationships between the sexes. Gendered division of labour used to be equal because there was an interdependence. Women did a lot of the work and reared their children too. Once we see monogamous families emerge, women are left to raise the children and men are placed at the head of the family. We now depend on capitalists for resources needed for survival rather than on each other in the community.
  • Gender Inequality in Canada
  • Christmas dinner -- Where Scout is talking to her cousin Francis about his grandmother teaching him how to cook. Scout starts to laugh because she tries to picture her brother, Jem, wearing an apron and cooking in the kitchen. Scout tells Francis that boys don’t cook. This demonstrates a stereotype that only women belong in kitchen and men do not. In reality, we know that both men and women can get into the kitchen and pitch in to cook.
  • Christmas Dinner where Scout’s Uncle Jack is mad at her for saying “damn and hell”. He tells Scout that she should want to be a lady and ladies don’t talk like that. This is gender inequality because it shows that it is okay for men to speak like that but women should stay more feminine and sensitive. If they use this vocabulary, they are viewed as less of a woman.
  • Damn! Hell!
  • Based on stereotypes of gender, such as femininity and masculinity, created by society there is an inequality between genders. If we compare all annual full-time workers women make .74 cents to the male dollar and of all part time workers women make .83 cents to the male dollar.
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