Impact of the Dred Scott v. Sandford Supreme Court Case.
By Lanoy Bounvilai
Dred Scott was a slave in Missouri.
He stayed in Illinois (free state) and in the Louisiana Territory, where slavery was forbidden by the Missouri Compromise of 1820.
When he returned to Missouri, he filed suit in Missouri court for his freedom, saying that his residence in free territory made him a free man. When he lost, he bought a new suit in federal court saying that no slaves could be a citizen.
Taney ruled that the Missouri Compromise of 1820 was unconstitutional and foreclose Congress from freeing slaves and that slaves were property under the Fifth Amendment, any law that would deprive a slave owner of that property was considered unconstitutional.
Dred Scott v. Sandford impacted American History because it stirred up conflicts and issues between slavery and slaves having freedom. How the Congress said slaves have no rights.