Tenth Amendment Any power that is not given to the federal government is given to the people or the states.
Federalism & Republcanism
Seperation Of Powers
Popular Sovereignty indicated the start of the constitution. It stated that the average citizen should be trusted to make important decisions that impact the citizens lives in a good way. An example of Popular Sovereignty is the tenth amendment. It basically states the above ^^
Checks And Balances
Federalism is the sharing of powers between the state govs. and the national gov. The founders relied on state govs. for small local things and relied on national gov. for bigger things. The overall challenge with this was to make a strong national gov. while still respecting the state govs' rights. Republicanism allowed citizens to elect their leaders and vote on taxes.
The Separation of Powers split gov. into 3 branches: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. The Executive branch's responsibility is to sign legislations and to conduct diplomacy with other nations. The legislative branch is made up of the senate and house of reps. and makes the laws. The Judicial branch completes the 2 branches and determines which laws are allowable and which are not.
Ability to vote!
Right to trail bt jury!
The Founding Fathers wanted to make sure that the three branches of government are able to limit each other's powers. Then, they would be able to control but still share powers. For example, the President can appoint federal judges, but only with the approval of the Senate, the upper house of Congress. It "balances" power between all and "checks" if they're in place.
The Founding Fathers expressed through the Constitution that the governments' powers were limited. Governers couldn't abuse their power and they are equally treated under the law like anybody else. This was to ensure that the citizens' liberties were protected. For example, there are laws on taxes and they have to be paid, but being in the government doesn't give them more power.
The principle of Individual Rights guarantees that citizens have their rights and liberties. The Founding Fathers decided that in the end, the Constitution was created to hold rights, which can be found in the Bill of Rights. For example, citizens have the right to vote for President because they are the ones being ruled and it's only fair.