President Lincoln is going to be the best president yet!!
The Election of 1860 was a leading cause of the Civil War. Four different candidates ran for the position of President.Stephen Douglas for the Northern Democrats, John Breckenridge for the Southern Democrats, and Abraham Lincoln for the Republicans. If Abraham Lincoln won, the south would secede from The Union. Lincoln won and the south seceded.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Secession is formally withdrawing or leaving. After the Election of 1860, the south began to secede. South Carolina left the Union on December 20, 1860. Other southern states then start to follow. This leaves the country a mess.
Bleeding Kansas is when settlers in Kansas were fighting each other. Proslavery vs. Anti-Slavery settlers were fighting over whether to be a slave state or not. A few hundred settlers were murdered/wounded over this issue. Proslavery settlers attacked anti slavery businesses, hotels, newspaper offices, etc. This Civil War within Kansas made America fear a larger was in the future.
Dred Scott Case
I want my freedom from Mr. Scott. I have lived in a free state for two years now!
Uncle Tom's Cabin is a novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe, an abolitionist towards slavery . The novel was published in 1852. Uncle Tom's Cabin was the second best selling book of the century following The Bible. This novel showed what it was like to be a slave during this time period. 300,000 copies of the book were sold in the U.S. This novel was said to have "help lay the groundwork for the Civil War."
People wanted to move into Nebraska. There was no legal claim of the land and south did not want to admit it because it was north of 36 30 line. Stephen Douglas proposed Kansas become a territory to keep south happy. Popular sovereignty cam into effect and the people were decided if the state would be slave or free. The Whig party split, democratic party crossed lines, and the north felt the Missouri Compromise was violated.
Dred Scott was a slave who tried to sue his owner in an attempt to gain his freedom. The case was taken to the Supreme Court. There, the Supreme Court ruled that slaves were property, that congress could not ban slavery from territories, and that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional. This makes the south very happy, but angers the north. After this case, abolitionists tried even harder to help slaves escape.