In Elsinore castle, Denmark, Prince Hamlet and a group of soldiers see his father's ghost.
“Take revenge for his horrible murder, that crime against nature.” (1.5.25)
Hamlet feels that he must get revenge for the death of his father. However he is struggling with this because he is unsure if his father was actually murdered.
“I need better evidence than the ghost to work with. The play’s the thing to uncover the conscience of the King.” (2.2.565)
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Hamlets old friends spy on him. Hamlet starts dating Polonius daughter Ophelia, but the rejects her. Hamlet puts on a play where the king is poisoned in the ear to show how his father was killed, in an attempt to see if Claudius guilt will be revealed.
“Let the guilty wince. We can watch without being bothered.” (3.2.220.)
Claudius is praying for forgiveness for murder of Hamlet's father, but he doesn’t because he thinks Claudius will go to heaven. Hamlet stabs Polonius and goes into a violent rage.
“Oh, my crime is so rotten it stinks all the way to heaven. It has the mark of Cain on it, a brother’s murder.” (3.3.45)
Hamlet tells his mother's he is disgusted about the marriage to Claudius and is banished to England to be executed. He escapes and comes back to Denmark. Hamlet challenges Laertes to a fencing match.
“And on the souls of all good Christians, I hope. Goodbye, God be with you.” (4.5.161)
“So tell him, with th' occurrents, more and less, which have solicited. The rest is silence.” (5.2.17)
Queen Gertrude drinks from Claudius poisoned cup and Laertes stabs Hamlet with his poisoned sword. Laertes and Claudius are stabbed with the poisoned sword and Hamlet makes Claudius drink from the cup. They all die except for Horatio, so Fortinbras claims Denmark.