Ionian city-states on the west coast of Anatolia decided to revolt against the Persian Empire in 499 B.C.E. Athens was one of the few to send help. Persians were angry Athenians helped Ionians, later declaring war on the allies
Salamis (480 B.C.E)
In 490 B.C.E Darius sent a representative to Greek city-stated saying that they should give him earth and water to declare him their ruler. Athens sent Pheidippides to warn Sparta. He ran for two days and died. Sparta stayed back and had a religious festival in 490 B.C.E.
Plataea (479 B.C.E)
When Darius died his son, Xerxes, was furious. He wanted to take over all of Greece. In 480 B.C.E, Sparta and Athens united to fight. 300 soldiers stalled the Persian army so everyone could escape.
Effects of the War
Leonidas (Athens) pretended to surrender to Xerxes (Persia) so they came through a narrow waterway. Persian ships were huge and got stuck in the way. So, Athens rammed their boats into Persia's. Leonidas lost his life in this battle.
Xerxes left behind soldiers because their bridge of boats to Persia was destroyed in a storm. While Xerxes could get only so many Persians back others where left behind. Greece slew these soldiers and the war was over
Sparta was left very weak and Athens was the most powerful city-state after rebuilding. Athens created the Delian Lague: An alliance with other city-states to help protect themselves if Persia ever attacked again. Athens experienced a golden age of economics and culture.