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Welcome to my humble abode! I'm mother nature and I'm here to talk to you about the process of photosynthesis. Lets start with the purpose of photosynthesis, it is to convert solar energy to chemical energy , it is then stored for future use.
You see all of these fairy people? They are considered "plants" in my world, and all of them as well as everyone and everything else depends on photosynthesis in life!! Photosynthesis is the steps inside of a plant in order to produce oxygen through things like carbon dioxide, water, and light! Everything needs oxygen to live, so if we didn't have it, nothing would be living!
Looking into this on a deeper level, the equation for photosynthesis to be perfect goes something like this! Here we have water, solar energy, and carbon dioxide, the inputs of the equation! When all three come together, there must be 6 of water and 6 of carbon dioxide in order to get the equation to work!
After the three inputs are made and combined, we come out with these two outputs, 6 oxygen and glucose! This happens because of two very specific steps that break down the different particles!
The first important step is known as the light dependent reaction. Our 3 friends start the reaction off by entering the chloroplast, light is absorbed and water is split and hydrogen, an oxygen, and an electron are released. The electron then moves through the electron transport chain, a small amount of energy is produced. The hydrogen moves into thylakoid membrane. More light is absorbed and the electron moves through another electron transport chain. The final electron acceptor is NADH which is reduced to NADPH. The hydrogen passes though a protein, the energy created is used to convert ADP to ATP. This is called chemiosmosis.
In light independant the energy from ATP and NADPH are used to synthesize glucose. The carbon from CO2 is reduced to G3P which later will become glucose.
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