1948: President Truman Orders Integration of Armed Forces
1954: Brown v. Board of Education Decision
1955: Montgomery Bus Boycott Begins
Executive Order 9981 is an executive order issued on July 26. 1948 by President Truman. It abolished discrimination "on the basis of race, color, religion, or orgin," in the U.S. Armed Forces. It led to the end of segregation.
1957: Integration of Little Rock High Schools in Arkansas
It was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the court declared state laws establishing seperate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. It was one of the cornerstones of the civil rights movement, and helped establish the precedent that “separate-but-equal” education and other services were not, in fact, equal at all.
1960: Freedom Rides/Lunch Counter Sit-Ins
A political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. It was a seminal event in the civil rights movement. An example would be Rosa Parks, a black women who did not give up her seat for a white person. She was known for standing up for her rights and changed the way things were.
1963: March on Washington
Gained national attention on September 3, 1957, when Governor Orval Faubus mobilized the National Guard inn an effort to prevent nine African American students from integrating the high school
The Freedom Rides, beginning in 1960, followed dramatic sit-ins against segregated lunch counters conducted by students and youth throughout the South, and boycotts of retail establishments that maintained segregated facilities. Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961 and subsequent years to challenge the non-enforcement of the USSC.
It was held in Washington D.C. on Wednesday, August 28, 1963. The purpose of the march was to advocate for the civil and economic rights of African Americans. At the march, Martin Luther King Jr., standing in front of millions of people, gave his "I Have a Dream" speech. This called for an end to racism.