After the death of Queen Elizabeth Tudor, James I was crowned King. With a belief in the Divine Rights of Kings, tension rose between the monarchy and parliament over power and other matters such as how to spend money.
James II fleeing to france
In 1642, civil war broke out between the Cavaliers (supporters of the king) and the Royalists (supporters of parliament). Oliver Cromwell led the Royalists.
After the Royalist victory and the beheading of James I, Cromwell led the government to a dictatorship. However, after Cromwell's death, England restored its monarchy.
English Bill of Rights
In 1685, James II was crowed king. The fact that their king was openly Catholic worried parliament. When James II realized that he had little support from England he fled to France.
A group of English nobles traveled to the Netherlands to encourage its leaders William and Marry to take over England. William and Marry soon accepted the thrown, ending the revolution along with the belief of the Devine Rights of Kings.
William and Mary help to put together a Bill of Rights, laying the foundation for a constitutional monarchy.