During the winter of 1965, a group of students including Christopher Eckhardt meat to discuss their plans of support toward a truce in the Vietnam War. These included wearing armbands and fasting. The school heard of this rule and created a rule against armbands, The students were sent home for violation.
When this issue was brought up the question was brought up: Does the school's rule against the armbands, a form of silent protest, violate the student's first amendment rights?
In a 7-2 majority opinion, the judges declared that the rule did, and that their armbands were pure speech. In addition, the students do not lose their first amendment rights at school.
In the dissent, the judge wrote that the first amendment does not include the right to expressing opinion. Also, the school has the right if the students are causing disruptions.
Students' and childrens' rights were expanded, as they have their own first amendment rights, even on school grounds