The most important trade items were gold and salt. Gold came from a forest region south of the Savanna between the Niger and Senegal. Miners dug gold from shafts as deep as 100 feet.
Mansa Musa spreading his wealth
By 1350, at least two-thirds of the world's supply of gold came from West African. Although rich in gold, West Africa's savanna and forest lacked salt, a material essential to human life. The Sahara contained deposits of salt.
Sunni Ali king of Songhai.
Mansa Musa was the king if Mali. He was known as the richest king in West Africa. Also he is known as the richest person ever.
Askia Muhammad became king.
Mansa Musa wanted to spread his wealth with other nations. So he carried gold and salt, with camels and his people. He gave away the gold and the people of Mali were mad at him.
Sunni Ali was the one who built a vast by military conquest. He started ruling in 1464 and lasted almost 30 years. Sunni Ali built a professional army that had a riverboat fleet of was canoes and mobile fighting force on horseback.
Sunni Ali died in 1492 and his son Askia Muhammad became ruler. Askia Muhammad proved to be an excellent administrator. Askia Muhammad set up an efficient tax system.