Smith v Allwright
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Smith v Allwright, 1944
You can't vote in the Primary Election
Allwright, country election official in Texas, denied Smith's right to vote because the Texas Democratic Party required all voters in its primary to be white
Smith challenged the 1923 Texas state law that allowed the party to make internal rules, denying colored voters in the primary election
I'm going to sue Allwright because I should have the right to vote in a primary election
There was argument on whether the Texas Democratic Party can carry out practices independent from the state
The Texas Democratic Party can determine its own policies without state interference
This is discriminatory practice
But the decision in Grovey v Townsend allowed this
The problem was that there were two conflicting Supreme Court decisions impeding the judicial precedent for this case: Grovey v Townsend and United States v Classic
What about my 14th and 15th Amendment rights?
Eventually, the decision was made that it is illegal to deny voters based on race and that primary elections must be open to voters of all races
I declare that this is unconstitutional and violates Smith's 14th and 15th Amendment rights
This decision overturned the previous ruling in Grovey v Townsend and inspired many later African American politicians and voters
Equal voting rights for all!
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