I'm Stephen Douglas and while this is going on I'm also trying to push the transcontinental railroad through.
Stephen Douglas passed a bill in which he asked Congress to divide Kansas and Nebraska into two territories with popular soverginity but if this was passed the Missouri compromise would be repealed.
POSSESSION OF KANSAS With popular sovereignty in place, the Missouri Senator sent thousands of people to go into Kansas with guns and vote illegally in Kansas and scare northerners away.
Sack of Lawrence On May 21st, 1856 a proslavery group burned down the antislavery base, looted many houses and stores and also destroyed two printing presses.
On May 24th, John Brown who was an abolitionist and his followers pulled five men from their beds in the proslavery settlement of Pottawatomie Creek. The group killed them. This attack became known as the "Pottawatomie Massacre" and this event quickly led to the hanging of John Brown as revenge.
Massachusets Senator, Charles Sumner continuously verbally attacked his colleagues because of their support for slavery, more specifically Andrew P. Butler Preston S. Brooks, Andrew's nephew had enough and walked into the Senate with his cane and beat Charles Sumner so bad he had permanent brain damage. Southerners applauded his actions while Northerners saw this as another act of aggression towards free speech.
Preston S. Brooks
Andrew P. Bulter
This territory was nicknamed Bleeding Kansas because of all the bloodshed by the proslavery and antislavery forces there in the years before the Civil War.