One day Billy had to decide if he wanted to go to a public school or exercise his religion.
Hmmm.... Am I going to attend a public school or exercise my religion?
Stand up for the Pledge of Allegiance kid's.
As days passed Billy's sister and him went to a public school where they refused to stand up for their schools Pledge of Allegiance.
No thank you, we do not do that.
Billy and his sister were told later on that day that....
Billy wrote a letter to the school board explaining why he didn't stand up.
I do not salute the flag because I have promised to do the will of God.
You two will be expelled for not standing up to do the Pledge of Allegiance.
The school board did not change its decision...
The Gobitis family faced the punishment for not having their kids stand to do the pledge.
As a result of all the issues the family faced the father sued on behalf of his kids.
Gobitis grocery store
Store is being boycotted
The district’s policy violated children’s religious freedom.
No one is going to buy from this place anymore, lets just leave.
The Supreme Court ruled on Billy’s case yet the court rejected Billy's claim.
I only ruled in Billy's favor. I believe that the state seeks to coerce these children to express a sentiment which violates their deepest religious convictions. The very essence of the liberty is the freedom of the individual from compulsion as to what he shall think and what he shall say, at least where the compulsion is to bear false witness to his religion.
Us 8 decide in favor of the school policy.
We believe that the pledge of allegiance helps “to evoke that unifying element without which there can ultimately be no liberties, civil or religious. Exempting the Gobitis children make others less loyal to the country. National unity is the basis of national security.”
3 years later a court case similar to Billy's occurred.
We the Supreme Court reverse the decision made in Billy’s case. We hold that the right of free speech guaranteed in the 1st Amendment to the Constitution means the government cannot force anyone to salute the American flag or recite the Pledge of Allegiance.
And as for last words from the supreme court
If there is any fixed star in our constitutional constellation, it is that no official, high or petty, can prescribe what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion, or other matters of opinion or force citizens to confess by word or act their faith therein.