Henry viii was a Catholic king who ruled a Catholic country, and was proclaimed a “defender of the faith” by Pope Leo X.
King Henry viii
I'll always be a loyal Catholic!
"Defender of the faith"
Pope Leo X
Henry's first wife, Catherine of Aragon gave birth to a girl, and Henry was not happy about it. King Henry wanted a baby boy so that he could become the next king after Henry died. But, Catherine was getting old and wouldn't be able to have another baby.
I want a boy to be heir to the throne!!
It's a baby girl!
King Henry went to the Pope to ask for a divorce from Catherine so he could re marry. Pope Leo X denied the divorce because in the Roman Catholic Church divorces were not allowed. So, Henry had to come up with a new plan!