Pogrom was an idea which promoted violence towards Jewish people. Jewish homes, synagogues, and stores were ruined while police just stood by and watched.
The Bloody Sunday was caused because people were unsatisfied with their working and living conditions, low wages, and their lack of freedom. While protesting, workers were being shot at by Nicholas II's generals. More than 1,000 people were injured and hundreds were killed. This was the start of many more riots such as the March Revolution.
The March Revolution took place in March of 1917. It was led by women textile workers. These protests and riots forced Nicholas II to step down as ruler, and a year after he and his family were killed. The czar had stepped down and was killed because of the March Revolution. Although the czar was gone, the government was still not very strong and stable.
Because of the unstable government, a temporary, or provisional government was put in place and led by Alexander Kerensky. Russia continued to go downhill. When Kerensky made the choice to join the war, he angered soldiers, workers, and civilians. The Germans felt that Vladimir Lenin would help Russia and withdraw from the war. Lenin returned to Russia.
“I wasn’t looking for notoriety [when we marched]. But if that’s what it took [to get attention], I didn’t care how many licks I got. It just made me even more determined to fight for our cause.” -Amelia Boynton Robinson Amelia Boynton Robinson was an African American pioneer who fought to give African Americans the right to vote. Also, he was badly abused and beaten for assisting to lead a cival rights march, which is Bloody Sunday
By the end of 1917 city citizens were chanting Lenin's slogan. Lenin took action. Unexpectedly, armed factory workers stormed to the Winter Petrograd. They were called the Bolshevik Red Guards. These guards were powerful and arrested leaders, and took over the government. The Red Guards had a new problem, the White Army. The White Army was a diverse group of people who were enemies of the Bolsheviks. There were three White Armies fighting against the Red Army at one time. The two armies' disagreements sparked the Bolshevik Revolution.