Popes v. Rulers by Lauren Kirby

Popes v. Rulers by Lauren Kirby
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By Lauren Kirby

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  • Hear ye!  Hear ye! I am your new ruler! I have come to restore order and spread Christianity.
  • I am honored to be the only emperor of the Byzantine Empire! Thank you, Pope!  
  • Charlemagne, I crown you Holy Roman Emperor.  
  • I disapprove, no one except me, Pope Henry VII should be able to choose a bishop, not some king who is a lower rank than me. 
  • God has called me to do his work here on Earth.
  • Charlemagne set out to rule, conquer, and restore order to Europe after the collapse of Roman rule and spread Christianity.  He also wanted to improve culture and literacy in the empire.  Charles wanted to have unity and harmony as well as to support laws and promote learning in his empire.    
  • I declare supreme authority over the Church and non Church leaders!  No bishops will be appointed without my permission.  I want all the power for myself! 
  • The Pope crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor on Christmas Day, 800.  The coronation of Charlemagne had lasting effects on Europe and the Church - it strengthened the power of the Church (only the pope could crown an emperor), and for Charlemagne, it gave him the status of an emperor, making him the only emperor of the Byzantine Empire.   
  • No one tells me what I can do, not even Pope Gregory.  You will be Bishop and You will be Bishop!
  • Charlemagne believed that God had made him emperor in order to do God's work on Earth.  It was the duty of the pope to assist him in that work.  The opposite was true in what the pope believed, Pope Leo believed that the Church had made Charlemagne  emperor and it was his duty to assist the Church in doing God's work on Earth.  These different views led to a dramatic clash some 200 years after Charlemagne's coronation.  
  • I am beginning to think the Pope is out to humiliate me as I wait in the bitter cold for three days before he finally agrees to see me?
  • In 1073, Pope Gregory issued a list of rules declaring his supreme authority over both Church and non Church leaders.  He declared the Pope alone had the power to choose bishops and claimed to have the power to remove emperors from the throne.  King Henry IV felt this authority was a direct attack on his own power and rights, setting the stage for clash of will between the two men.
  • King Henry ignored Pope Gregory’s rules and named his own bishop for the city of Milan, Italy.  As a result, Pope Gregory appointed a rival bishop. Next, Henry tried to have Pope Gregory removed as Pope.  Pope Gregory responded by excluding Henry from the church and freed his subjects from their feudal oaths of loyalty to the emperor.  Members of the clergy and secular rulers across Europe took sides.
  • King Henry visited Pope Gregory in an Italian castle in an effort to end their conflict.  Henry stood in the snow outside the castle for three days before Gregory would see him.  Henry was forgiven but the conflict continued and he took revenge on the Pope by marching his army to Rome and forcing the pope from office.  The Concordat of Worms was an agreement between the Church and the Holy Roman Empire. The Church had sole authority to appoint bishops and emperors were allowed to give fiefs to bishops in order to win their loyalty.  
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