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British Empire
Updated: 9/1/2020
British Empire
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  • The French and Indian war was between British and American soldiers vs the French and Indians. Was started by contested land in the Ohio valley which was claimed by the French, Indians, Virginians, and Pennsylvanians. By 1761 the war subsided in America. The war caused a great debt and angered american because they were critizied as the reason Britian did not win the war sooner.
  • After Britain won the Seven Years' War and gained land in North America, it issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763. The Treaty of Paris, which marked the end of the French and Indian War, granted Britain a great deal of valuable North American land. It gave Britian control over French forts in which the beefed up. This caused an uprising in which colonists retaliated. By 1764 the uprising faded, the British backed off, Thomas Gage took command and distributed gifts profusely
  • The sugar act in 1764. British legislation aimed at ending the smuggling trade in sugar and molasses from the French and Dutch West Indies. It lowered the duty on French molasses to three pence and raised penalties for smuggling making it more attractive for shippers to obey the law. Decrease in duty didn’t stop smuggling and in fact caused ugly confrontations in ports.
  • Sugar
  • The stamp act placed a tax on all paper used for official documents. A stamp was required to show the tax had been paid. Sole purpose was to raise money. To try and avoid hostility, Grenville hired colonists to be local stamp distributors. Grenville claimed representation.The colonists claimed virtual representation could not withstand the stretch across the Atlantic.
  • .The Sons of Liberty was a secret revolutionary organization that was founded by Samuel Adams. They were fighting for rights of the colonist and fighting British taxation. Sons of Liberty hung, beheaded, and burned an effigy of Andrew Oliver. This lead to many colonies battling the stamp act in 1765.
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