The Roanoke colony was established but failed which encouraged England to send over more people to start a new colony.
100 people go on a joint venture called the Virginia Company. On the joint venture, they started a colony on the banks of the James River.
A large starving period occurred because there was a drought, it was a horrid winter, and the Powhatan had stopped trading with the colonists. Starvation and disease wiped out half of the colonists.
As the starving period raged on. Colonists left Jamestown on boats to try and escape the starvation even resorting to cannibalism at times. As they were sailing they were stopped by a supplies ship ran by Francis west and they were sent back to Jamestown.
In 1612, John Rolfe, one of many shipwrecked on Bermuda, helped turn the settlement into a profitable venture. He introduced a new strain of tobacco from seeds he brought from elsewhere. Tobacco became the long-awaited cash crop for the Virginia Company, who wanted to make money off their investment in Jamestown. Then Pocahontas entered Rolfes' life. Bad relations with the Indians had continued to hurt the settlers. Once, when the Indians captured some of the English, the colonists captured and kept the chief's beloved young daughter, Pocahontas. John Smith's later writings tell us that a few years earlier Pocahontas had saved Smith from her father, Chief Powhatan's, wrath. and later John Smith came on to save Jamestown as governor.
The first representative government in British America began at Jamestown in 1619 with the convening of a general assembly, at the request of settlers who wanted input in the laws governing them. Also in 1619, the Virginia Company recruited and shipped over about 90 women to become wives and start families in Virginia, something needed to establish a permanent colony. Over one hundred women, who brought or started families, had arrived in prior years, but 1619 was when establishing families became a primary focus. he Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery, carrying 105 passengers, one of whom died during the voyage, departed from England in December 1606 and reached the Virginia coast in late April 1607. The expedition was led by Captain Christopher Newport. On May 13, after two weeks of exploration, the ships arrived at a site on the James River selected for its deep-water anchorage and good defensive position. The passengers came ashore the next day, and work began on the settlement. Initially, the colony was governed by a council of seven, with one member serving as president.