The Conch Ralph finds the conch, Piggy shows him how to use it. It represents power and society.
Ralph When the boys are making a group leader Ralph suggests that they vote, making him represent democratic society
Piggy While the other boys are rushing up the mountain side to make a fire, Piggy yells that it wouldn't be proper to do that during tea time. He represents society and it's norms
WAIT UP! IT'S STILL TEA TIME!
Quote/Explanation "Yet most powerfully there was the conch. The being that had blown that had sat waiting for them on the platform with the delicate thing balanced on his knees." (Golding 22) Because Ralph had the conch he was voted leader of the initial society formed by the kids. The conch represents this power and society.
The Beast While holding a group assembly, Simon speaks and says that maybe the kids themselves are the beasts.
Quote/Explanation "Jack started to protest but the clamor changed from the general wish for a chief to an election by acclaim of Ralph." (Golding 22) The group likes Ralph, so they vote to make him chief. This is how it is done in a democratic society, so Ralph can represent this society
Piggy's Glasses Jack violently takes Piggy's glasses away, making them represent how the fittest prevail and the weakest don't prevail on the island
Quote/Explanation "Little Kids! Acting like a crowd of kids! . . . I bet it's gone tea time." (Golding 38) Piggy is holding on to societal logic and rules in this passage such as the British idea of tea time. Because of this, I think he represents the society he is clinging to in order to avoid turning to savagery.
Jack Jack slowly becomes more and more savage the longer he stays on the island. This represents the savagery inside all of us.
Quote/Explanation "'Maybe,' He said hesitantly, 'Maybe there is a beast . . . What I mean is, maybe its only us.'" (Golding 89) This is possibly William Golding hinting that the beast represents the savagery that is growing within the kids while they are stranded on an island
Quote/Explanation "[Jack] took a step and stuck his fist into Piggy's stomach . . . Ralph made a step forward and Jack smacked piggy's head. Piggy's glasses flew off and tinkled on the rocks." (Golding 71) Piggy is powerless to fight Jack, because of his weaknesses, and is frequently bullied by Jack. A common theme during these scenes is Piggy's glasses, so they can represent survival of the fittest on the island
"Kill the pig! Cut his throat! Bash him in!" (78). Jack is becoming obsessed with killing and death.