China is the most populated country in the world and has a quickly growing population. China is working towards zero population growth, lowering its rate of natural increase, and has many problems that need to be addressed.
This limits every married couple to one child.
One way China works towards zero population growth is by using the one-child policy.
In China, there is a high population which means a high amount of energy used. If China didn't address this problem, they would run out of energy resources that are non-renewable like coal.
To fix this problem, China built the Three Gorges Dam. This holds water and creates hydroelectric power which is renewable and provides more energy for China.
Finally, to increase jobs for the growing population, China made Special Economic Zones. These help economic growth as well as help Chinese earn money and raise their home standards of living.
Overall, China has adapted to the challenges of its population in three ways. It addressed population growth with the one-child policy, it addressed energy use by building the Three Gorges Dam and using hydroelectric power, and finally, it addressed the number of jobs by creating SEZs.