Literacy should not be sanctioned to one block of time. You should be infusing literacy into all areas all day.
The most important part of literacy for young children is promoting the idea that they are capable of reading and writing. Our job is to teach the attitudes necessary for learning as well as the skills.
Shared and interactive writing/reading should be a large part of your literacy instruction. These activities allow for ample scaffolding and natural exposure to pretty much any literacy concept you want to teach.
Cat starts like Carlos. What letter do we need now Carlos?
I see a
C, my name starts with C too!
Literacy should be naturally woven into play experiences. Children learn best through authentic play. The classroom should be a print rich environment that promotes independence and resilience.
Let's play rhyming BINGO!
P for pirate...
You should make a sign for our pirate ship!
Specific skills should be taught and practiced through games and play, in small groups. You need a variety of teacher led, and student lead learning experiences.
Today let's play a letter game. You roll the block and find the picture that starts with that letter on the board!
You should be reading high quality books to your students multiple times a day. Read alouds are what help your students fall in love with reading. Books with rhyme and rhythm work great with this age! Don't forget to do repeated readings.
The animal bop won't stop, so move your body from bottom to...
Developmentally this is what I expect this year.
Parents are partners in teaching literacy. We need to let them know what is developmentally appropriate from the start, build a positive relationship, and keep them informed and involved.