The New York times publishes many ads to help pay for Martin Luther King Jr's perjury charges in the 1960's.
Dear New York Times,
City Public Safety Commission L.B. Sullivan felt the ad criticized him, even though he was not mentioned in the ad.
Sullivan sent a request letter asking New York Times to retract the information.
New York Times refused and were puzzled by the request.
Sullivan then filed a libel action against New York Times and African Americans mentioned in the ad on March 9, 1964. In the Alabama state court he won his court and New York Times was forced to pay $500,000 in damages.
New York Times repealed the decision to the United States Supreme Court saying they had no intention to hurt Sullivan. The United States Supreme Court ruled for New York Times claiming that the New York Times has the right to publish all statements under the First Amendment.