The Battle of Shiloh is also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing. The battle started when Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston launched a surprise attack on Grant's camps around Shiloh Church. It was fought in southwestern Tennessee. Johnston was killed in battle and was replaced by P.T. Beauregard.
Ulysses S. Grant was commanding the Army of the Tennessee. Don Carlos Buell commanded the Army of the Ohio. General Albert Sydney Johnston commanded the Army of the Mississippi. P.G. T. Beauregard took command when Johnston was killed in battle.
Ulysses S. Grant had shattered the Confederate army at Fort Henry and Donelson and forced Johnston to retreat. As Johnston was retreating, he halted his retreat and came back to suprise attack Grant at Shiloh. Johnston hoped to defeat Grant's army before it could be reinforced by General Buell's army. General Buell's army was marching from Nashville.
Ulysses S. Grant and his troops were camped around Shiloh Church when the battle began. Everything took place in Hardin County, Tennessee, not far from Corinth, Mississippi. The Union army was pushed back to a place called the Pittsburg landing on the Tennessee River. The place where Confederates reapeatedly attacked on a small road was called the Hornet's Nest.
Hardin County, Tennessee
Johnston initiated a surprise attack on Grant's camps. Johnston was wounded and bled to death, then replaced by P.T. Beauregard. The Union later on gained back all of the ground that they had lost. They forced the Confederates to retreat after an unsuccessful counterattack.
The battle resulted in another Union victory. Although it still resulted in 24,000 missing or dead. The nation realized after this battle that the war would last a long time with many casualties. Many people also said that after Shiloh the South never smiled again.