The three Philosophies


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  • Daoism
  • You must respect ruler and subject, husband and wife, father and -son, older sibling and younger sibling, and friend and friend
  • Confucianism
  • Please your highness let me explain
  • Legalism
  • Yes sir.
  • Lucia Carranza Period: 3 3-2-16
  • Daoism was based on the ancient Chinese idea of the Dao, or "the Way." Dao was the force that gave order to the natural universe. Daoism taught that people gained happiness and peace by living in harmony, or agreement, with the way of nature. True harmony comes from balancing the opposite forces of nature, called yin and yang. Yin means "shaded," and yang means "sunlit."The Daoists taught that people followed the way of nature by living simple lives of quiet meditation.The Daoists believed that everyone must discover the Dao for themselves. Too many laws and social rules only got in the way of living naturally and following the Dao. The Dao De Jing says, "Governing a large country is like frying a small fish. You spoil it with too much poking." It also tells rulers, "Be weak. Let things alone."
  • Confucianism is based on the teachings of Kongfuzi. who is called Confucius by westerners. This philosophy deeply influenced Chinese government and culture.Confucius lived from 551 to 479 B.C.E. He was born in the small state of Lu in eastern China.Confucius deeply respected Chinese traditions such as reverence for ancestors and the honor given to scholars.The goal of Confucianism was a just and peaceful society. Confucius taught that society worked well when all people acted properly based upon their roles and their relationships with others.You must respect your ruler and subject, husband and wife, father and son, older sibling and younger sibling, and friend.Confucianism had a very practical effect on government under a later dynasty, the Han dynasty.Confucius said Confucius said to his follower: The gentleman first practices what he preaches and then preaches what he practices. Confucius said to his student: Shall I teach you what knowledge is? When you know a thing, say that you know it; when you do not know a thing, admit that you do not know it. That is knowledge.
  • The third major philosophy that came out of China's time of trouble was Legalism. It gave very different answers to the problems of order and good government than either Confucianism or Daoism, Legalism was based on the teachings of Hanfeizi. Hanfeizi lived from 280 to 233 B.C.E. He was a prince of the royal family of the state of Han. Hanfeizi lived to see the end of the Warring States period and of the Zhou dynasty.Legalism was based on the idea that most people are naturally selfish. Left to themselves. Legalists said, people always pursue their own self-interest. They could not be relied upon to have a good influence on one another. In Hanfeizi's time, rulers were frequently overthrown. The Influence of Legalism. Legalist philosophy had an almost immediate influence on government in China. At the end of the Warring Sates period, the Qin dynasty seized control of China. Qin rulers read and admired Hanfeizi's writing.
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