Civil War Tapestry Project 1-6
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Comparing Home Fronts
Lincoln as a Wartime President
The Experiences of Common Soldiers
This scene depicts what the southern homefront looked like. The role of women grew prominently because all of the husbands and sons had been sent out to fight in the civil war and defend slavery and the confederacy. So, within the picture there is a few slaves working as two white woman overlook their progress. In the background of the scene there are two slaves running away, which symbolizes the common occurrence of slaves running away from their plantations to fight for the north and gain their freedom. As an example of the loss of slaves, Virginia itself lost 61% of its adult male slaves in 1860-1865 (had 66,000 slaves that dropped to 26,000 slaves after the war).
African Americans and Women During the War
Lincoln claimed broad emergency powers that he argued the Constitution had vested in the executive branch. He called out the militia, authorized increases in the size of the regular army and navy, expended funds for military purchases, deployed military forces, blockaded Southern ports, suspended the writ of habeas corpus in certain areas, authorized arbitrary arrests, and empanelled military tribunals to try civilians in occupied or contested areas.
Total War and Resources
2.75 million soldiers fought in the Civil War. 750,000 of those troops were fighting for the south. The average troop was a common work such as a teacher, blacksmith, or carpenter. These Southern troop knew that there odds of surviving were very low but they fought anyways The reason why they fought as because they got steady pay and were patriots. All of these troops believed that they were fighting with God's Blessing
Centralization and Power
After the civil war African Americans were allowed to run for office and because of this an extremely high amount of African Americans joined office.
The Stripping of the Shenandoah Valley was considered total war because its purpose was to eliminate food and supplies vital to the South's military operations, as well as to strike a blow at Southern civilian morale.
The South were very hands on in their work with planning military strategy. They normally had small meetings where intricate battle The military strategy of the Confederacy was something never seen before, and was made through a compromise of successful strategies used in the past. Those two being; the Washingtonian strategy (created by George Washington) where rather than fighting in large scale wars (where the chance to lose was much higher), they would fight in small skirmishes with surprise attacks when they had the upper hand. But, because the south was very aggresive they wanted to attack then rather than wait, so they combined the two strategies to make what is now known as an "offensive defensive" strategy.
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