Today, we are going to learn about civil cases. A civil case usually starts when a group is seeking money to repair loss or damages. They bring a lawsuit against the defending party. The Plaintiff party argues the damages are not their fault, and that they are the fault of the defendant.
Your employees said I could.
You can't use my property to promote your business. I'll sue!
Buy popcorn from joe.
That step is called the complaint. The answer is the next step, a court worker tells the defendant that must come to court. The lawyer writes an answer to the complaint, giving the defendant's side.
You need to appear at court in one week.
Okay, here is my defendants side.
The next step is called discovery. Here, lawyers research the case, checks facts, and questions witnesses.
Joe isn't a good guy, because...
The 4th step is a pretrial discussion called by a judge. This allows him to clarify the case between the two sides, and prepare for trial. Both parties can come to a settlement at any time during this.
Next, we have the trial. Here, the plaintiff goes first and tries to explain why the defendant is responsible for the accident (preponderance of evidence). Next, the defendant tries to defend his side. In the end, the jury will reach a verdict. If the Plaintiff wins, a remedy is set. If the defendant wins, then no money is paid, and the Plaintiff must cover court costs.
If one side feels that the judge ruled unfairly, or something was wrong, he may appeal to higher court. This is the last step, known as appeal.
The judge voted against me, because I fired his brother. I'm going to a higher court!