The US Constitution was written in 1787 and ratified in 1789
The Constitution is the world's longest surviving written charter of government.
The supremacy of the people through their elected representatives is recognized in Article I, which creates a Congress consisting of a Senate and a house of Representatives. The positioning of Congress at the beginning of the Constitution affirms its status as the "First Branch" of the federal government
The first three words of the Constitution are " We the people" which affirms that the government if the United States exists to serve its citizens.
The Constitution assigned to Congress responsibility for organizing the executive and judicial branches, raising revenue, declaring war, and making all laws necessary for executing these powers.The president is permitted to veto specific legislative acts, but Congress has the authority to override presidential vetoes by two-thirds majorities of both houses. The Constitution also provides that the Senate advise and consent on key executive and judicial appointments and on the approval for ratification of treaties.
More a concise statement of national principles than a detailed plan of governmental operation, the Constitution has evolved to meet the changing needs of a modern society profoundly different from the eighteenth-century world in which its creators lived. To date, the Constitution has been amended 27 times, most recently in 1992. The first ten amendments constitutethe Bill of Rights.
For over two centuries the Constitution has remained in force because its framers successfully separated and balanced governmental powers to safeguard the interests of majority rule and minority rights, of liberty and equality, and of the federal and state governments.
The constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation (popularly known as the Constitution Annotated) contains legal analysis and interpretation of the United States Constitution, based primarily on Supreme Cout case law.
The Constitution of the United States of America, S.Pub.103-21(1994)(pdf) prepared by the office of the Secretary of the Senate with the assistance of Johnny H. Killian of the Library of Congress in 1994, provided the original text of each clause of the Constitution with an accompanying explanation of its meaning and how that meaning changed over time