4,680 total Casualties Union Casuatlies: 2,680 Confederate Casualties: 2,000
General Irvin McDowell
General P.G.T. Beauregard
Plan to attack ✓
The Battle of Bull Run occurred on July 21 in 1861 with 4,680 casualties. This battle was the first major land battle in the Civil War. This began when the Union troops marched along a river known as Bull Run. The rebels fought off the Union and caused the North to realize that the war would be harder to win than they had hoped.
By Drew Wakefield
The Battle of Bull Run was led by Generals Irvin McDowell and P.G.T. Beauregard. Both generals graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1838 and fought against each other during this battle. McDowell died from a heart attack in 1885 at age 67. Beauregard died from Cardiovascular disease in 1893 at age 75.
The Battle of Bull Run occurred after the Confederate army attacked at Fort Sumter. Two months after this, the Northern citizens became eager for the Union army to attack. McDowell and his men made a plan to attack the Confederacy's capital of Richmond, VA. They planned this attack before the planned meeting of the Confederate Congress.
General Irvin McDowell marched from Washington D.C. toward the Confederacy's army behind Bull Run Creek. Fighting occurred during the morning and the Confederates were driven back to Henery Hill. Many Union troops were able to cross Bull Run and more Confederate troops arrived later and broke the Union's right flank. These actions eventually caused the Union to retreat
The Battle of Bull Run occurred at Bull Run Creek, south of Manassas, Virginia. The Confederates named this battle "The first Battle of Manassas" after the nearest city. The Union named this battle "The First Battle of Bull Run" after the nearest body of water. During the battle, Stonewall Jackson held his ground on Henry Hill, and didn't allow the Union to pass him and his troops.
Manassas, Virginia at Bull Run Creek
Towards the end of this battle, Confederate troops successfully broke the Union's right flank. In result, the Union was sent into a chaotic retreat towards Washington. This rebel victory left many Northerners stunned and gave the South a boost of confidence. This was the battle that made the North realize that the war would not be won as easily as they had hoped.