" Life has tacks in it... and splinters... and boards torn up"
" Life for me ain't been no crystal stair"
Pt 1: The title refers to a thoughtful conversation/message from a mother to her son. Pt 2: The title of the poem and the meaning is similar because the poet is teaching valuable lessons and mothers do this on an everyday basis to her children.
A- Attitude/ Tone
"So boy, don't you turn back... don't you set down on those steps."
A mother has a meaningful conversation with her son about keeping your eye on your goal no matter what. She says that life will be tough and it won’t be easy, but you have to keep going and stay strong through all your endeavors throughout your life.
“Life for me ain’t been no crystal stair.” is a metaphor saying life isn’t easy.
"And life for me ain't been no crystal stair"
The author has a stern inspirational tone. The poet's attitude toward the reader is inspirational, trying to change the reader's way of thinking.
There are no major shifts in this poem.
"For I'se still going honey... I'se still climbing"
Hughes shows the theme of determination and strength throughout the poem. He shows that you need determination and strength to to get through hard times and struggles.