Before the activity begins, you want to make sure you understand your ABCD objective, your method for instruction, and the materials you will need.
Introduce your students to the activity by reading the background information. You should introduce the students land development and its effects on wildlife. Making sure to recognize that loss of habitat is generally considered to be the most critical problem facing wildlife today.
Break students up into their roles and explain to them the objective. You will have a group of carnivores, herbivores, vegetation, and land developers. Give students freedom to construct their developments. Once students have constructed their development engage all students in a discussion of what happened. After this allow students to switch roles and conduct activity again to see if they can reduce the negative effects of land development.
Review with students the elements necessary for habitat. (food, water, shelter). Explain to students that they are simulating wildlife in this activity. Make sure students understand key terms like herbivore, carnivore,etc.
After completing this activity twice, this activity can be conducted to show differences between developing the whole area, with a likely loss of much wild life in the area, to developing only part of the area, with some wildlife likely to adapt and survive.
Suggest and evaluate the advantages and disadvantages, if any, of possible actions that could have been taken to prevent the elimination of such plants or animals from the area.