Before the war, Southern states had threatened to secede from the U.S.
Before the Civil War, the federal government had little to no impact on people's lives. During the war, the federal government's power had increased.
However, they taxed private incomes and tore men from their families to fight in the war.
The Civil War had a huge impact on the economies of the Union and the Confederacy.
The economic between the two regions had widened. After the war, Southern states held 12% of the nation's wealth and earned less than 40% of the Northern average.
While the economy of the Northern states succeeded, the Southern economy was devastated. Northern entrepreneurs had grown rich from selling war supplies to the government. The South had lost their source of slavery and the war wiped out 40% of their livestock.
There were many fatalities during the Civil War, which affected almost every American family. Approximately 360,000 Union soldiers died while 260,000 Confederates died. Another 275,000 Union soldiers and 225,000 Confederate soldiers were wounded.
The economic costs were huge. Historians estimated a combined total between the two governments was $3.3 billion. This money was spent during the war.