Union casualties: 12,400 Confederate casualties: 10,320 Total casualties: 22,720
This was one of the most bloodiest battles of all American History. They called it the Bloody Lane because of how much blood there was. Soldiers were left standing in blood that was up to there ankles.
In the Battle of Antietam, Robert E Lee was the general for the Confederate. George B. McClellan was the the general for the Union. Eventually that changed later on.
Robert E. Lee
George B. McClellan
The reason why this battle happened was because after Robert E. Lee's victory at Bull Run, he felt confident and wanted to win battles in the North. He wanted to keep going to the North. Another reason why was because he wanted countires in Europe to help the South.
September 16, 1862 Robert E. Lee and George McClellan met for the first time. The next day General Joseph Hooker fired on the left side of the Confederate army. The Confederate army then got themselves under control and tried to fight back. It still didn't turn out in the Confederate's favor. This place was known as Bloody Lane because it was one of the most bloodiest battles in American History.
The soldiers fought in a small town called Sharpsburg. The battle happened at Antietam creek. At Antietam creek there was a deep creek and a bridge called the Rohrbach bridge. There was also a hill where soldiers were picked off one by one. There was also a church called Dunker church, where men were caught in the crossfire of the soldiers.
The Union Army won because Lee retreated back to the Potomac River. After this battle everything changed. Now the war was not only to save the Union but also to free slaves. After the Union won, Great British thought about not joining with the Confederacy.